There are two types of herpes simplex virus: herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex 2 (HSV-2).For many people, herpes is a minor skin condition that comes and goes without causing problems.
Herpes cycles between periods of active disease followed by periods without symptoms.
The first episode is often more severe and may be associated with fever, muscle pains, swollen lymph nodes and headaches.
There is no way of knowing if, or how often, a person will have future outbreaks.
For most people, outbreaks happen less often over time. HSV can be passed even when sores are not visible, although it is less likely to happen during these times.
Pregnant women with genital herpes should talk to their doctor as genital herpes can be passed on to the baby during childbirth.
For many people with herpes, attacks (outbreaks) of herpes can be brought on by the following conditions: Often, the appearance of HSV is typical and no testing is needed to confirm the diagnosis.In general, a person can only get HSV-2 infection during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection.Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be spread even if sores are not present.Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Most Canadians will have at least one type of HSV in their lifetime.Many of those people have never had symptoms and are not aware that they have HSV.Testing the blood for antibodies against the virus can confirm a previous infection but will be negative in new infections.