Debate over filtering became muted as libraries receiving e-rate funds moved to comply with CIPA’s mandates.While researchers counted the number of libraries and schools using filters, little inquiry was made into how institutions were implementing CIPA or how filtering was affecting library users.
An administrator, supervisor, or other person authorized by the school or library may disable the filtering software during use by an adult, to enable access for bona fide research or for another lawful purpose.
A school or library may unblock appropriate sites that are wrongfully blocked by the filtering software for users of all ages.
With the exception of child pornography, content restrictions tend to rely more on the removal of content than blocking; most often these controls rely upon the involvement of private parties, backed by state encouragement or the threat of legal action.
The first wave of regulatory actions in the 1990s in the United States came about in response to the profusion of sexually explicit material on the Internet within easy reach of minors.
Internet censorship in the United Kingdom is conducted under a variety of laws, judicial processes, administrative regulations and voluntary arrangements.
It is achieved by blocking access to sites as well as the use of laws that criminalise publication or possession of certain types of material.Before adopting the Internet safety policy, schools and libraries must provide reasonable notice and hold at least one public hearing or meeting to address the proposed policy.The law requires that the filtering software must be placed on all computers, including those computers used by staff and any Internet-capable devices owned by the school or library.Many government-mandated attempts to regulate content have been barred on First Amendment grounds, often after lengthy legal battles.However, the government has been able to exert pressure indirectly where it cannot directly censor.However, in 2014, the United States was added to Reporters Without Borders (RWB)'s list of "Enemies of the Internet", a group of countries with the highest level of Internet censorship and surveillance. Nevertheless, the Internet in the United States is highly regulated, supported by a complex set of legally binding and privately mediated mechanisms.