The municipal council of Sydney was incorporated in 1842 and became Australia's first city.
Its natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, and the Royal Botanic Garden.
Complete City Skyline viewing from the Lower North Shore suburb of Linley Point near Lane Cove in day/night HD high resolution colour.
The left foreground is Riverview peninsula near St Ignatius' College, Linley Point is to the right with Burns Bay central joining the Lane Cove River.
With an approximate population of 4.5 million in the Sydney metropolitan area the city is the largest municipality in Oceania.
Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and international population of people from many places around the world.
The metropolitan area and CBD is surrounded by the Royal National Park, Bondi Beach and the Royal Botanic Gardens.
Did you know: The total area of the natural harbour is 55 km²!Man-made attractions such as Sydney Tower, the Sydney Harbour Bridge, and the Sydney Opera House (which became a World Heritage Site in 2007 The first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia.Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago.It was not until 1788 when the First Fleet, which contained convicts and was led by Captain Arthur Phillip, arrived in Botany Bay to found Sydney as a penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia.Since convict transportation ended in the mid-19th century, the city has transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre.Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds the world's largest natural harbour and sprawls about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north and Macarthur to the south.